Glossary of Terms

Validity & Reliability When a survey scale demonstrates validity, it means it is accurate- that it measures what it is supposed to measure. Reliability refers to consistency – how consistent a person’s scores are on a particular scale.

Assets are resources and influences present in children’s lives, such as supportive relationships and enriching activities that help to promote children’s positive development and well-being.

Aggregated (data) Data aggregation is the process of gathering data and presenting it in summarized format .

Resilience In the context of exposure to significant adversity, resilience is both the capacity of individuals to navigate their way to the psychological, social, cultural, and physical resources that sustain their well-being, and their capacity individually and collectively to negotiate for these resources to be provided in culturally meaningful ways (Dr Michael Ungar

Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system .

Social and emotional learning (SEL) is the process through which all young people and adults acquire and apply the knowledge, skills, and attitudes to develop healthy identities, manage emotions and achieve personal and collective goals, feel and show empathy for others, establish and maintain supportive relationships, and make responsible and caring decisions. (CASEL )

Social and emotional competence is integral to children’s social and emotional development and includes the ability to understand and manage emotions, develop caring and empathy for others, establish positive relationships, make responsible decisions, and handle challenging situations effectively (Weissberg et al., 2015).

Positive psychology is the scientific study of the strengths that enable individuals and communities to thrive.

Population-level study is a study of a group of individuals taken from the general population who share a common characteristic, such as age, grade, school, neighbourhood.

Equity Students have different needs based on what they have experienced in their lives. For many, these differences can be described through socio-economic status, or SES. This cocktail of indicators encompasses the social and economic power that an individual has relative to others in society, and is often defined by measurements like parental education, family income, and occupation. However, SES is not the only barrier that students may face. Some students face barriers to success due to their identity; be it their sexual orientation, their race, their religion, or any other aspect of who they are. All students need opportunities to develop the skills, competencies, and dispositions that will help them succeed in the world. (People for Education):